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University of Minnesota Extension

Planting and transplanting trees and shrubs

Quick facts

  • Select trees and shrubs based on the soil, light, climate and residential conditions at the site.
  • There are different planting and transplanting methods for different types of tree stock.
  • Proper watering, mulching, fertilizing, pruning, staking and winter care will help keep your new and transplanted trees healthy.

When planting and transplanting trees and shrubs, it's important to consider the site conditions and the type of tree stock.

After planting, take care of the new tree or shrub by watering, mulching, fertilizing, pruning, staking and exercising winter care.

Planning the site

The conditions of the planting site are as important as the plant. Consider soil type and drainage, available water and sunlight, exposure to drying winds and other factors.

Matching the needs of the plant to the site increases the plant’s performance and longevity.


Different tree and shrub stocks






After-planting care


Authors: Julie Weisenhorn, Extension horticulture educator; Jeffrey H. Gillman and Gary R. Johnson

Reviewed in 2021

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