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Growing potatoes in home gardens

Quick facts

  • Buy disease-free seed tubers from a certified grower or seed distributor.
  • Plant seed pieces as soon as the soil warms.
  • Once the green shoots emerge, plan to hill soil up along plants as they grow.
  • As you prepare, plant and tend your garden, treat your potato patch differently because potatoes require more fertilizer than other vegetables.
  • You can dig new potatoes about seven to eight weeks after planting.
  • Harvest mature tubers after plants have dried.

Starchy tubers

Potatoes grow from seed tubers, not true seed. They originated in the Andes, and come in a variety of types, colors and shapes. Generally, there are russet types that are starchy with brown skins and that are good for baking; red potatoes that can have white, yellow, or red and starchy or waxy flesh; white potatoes with white or yellow flesh; purple colored potatoes; and fingerling types. Potatoes need sunny locations to grow well.

Soil pH and fertility

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Selecting plants

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Planting

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How to keep your potato plants healthy and productive

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Cindy Tong, Extension horticulturalist

Reviewed in 2018

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