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Growing cabbage in home gardens

Quick facts

  • Plant where you have not grown cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, turnips, rutabaga or Brussels sprouts for the last four years.
  • If you plant in the spring for summer harvest, you should start cabbage indoors. For a fall crop, plant seed directly in the garden in early July.
  • Cabbage will tolerate below-freezing temperatures late in plant growth.
Green and purple cabbage plants growing in garden

Cabbage is a member of the mustard family and, like most related crops, grows best in cool weather.

The crop has round, flattened or pointed heads made of leaves that wrap around each other tightly. In the center of the head is a short, thick stem or core.

Cabbage has many uses in the kitchen. Raw, it brings crunch and zest to salads and slaw. You can braise, stir-fry, stuff, add to soups, mix into the filling for egg rolls, and ferment cabbage to make sauerkraut and kimchi.

In Minnesota, you can plant cabbage in spring for a summer crop, and again in mid-summer for a fall crop.

Soil pH and fertility




How to keep your cabbage plants healthy and productive


Jill MacKenzie

Reviewed in 2021

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