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University of Minnesota Extension

Seeding rate for small grains

To achieve maximum grain yield, it’s important that the population is optimal.

The optimum population is a function of the production environment, the yield goal and the planting date.

Optimizing plant population


Calculating the number of seeds

Calculating the right amount of seed is an important first step toward maximizing yield.

The seeding rate is a function of the:

  • Number of kernels per pound of seed.

  • Percent germination of the lot.

  • Expected stand loss as a function of the quality of the seedbed.

  • Desired stand.


Jochum Wiersma, Extension agronomist; Joel Ransom, Extension agronomist and Vern Hofman, emeritus agricultural engineer, North Dakota State University

Reviewed in 2018

Page survey

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