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Siberian squill

Quick facts

Siberian squill (Scilla siberica) is a popular landscape plant that can be invasive. 

  • Siberian squill is found in native woodlands.
  • It readily spreads itself and is hardy and cold tolerant.
  • It is not on any Minnesota control list, but may be added in the future.
many blue siberian squill flowers growing in the grass

How to identify Siberian squill

  • Small, 4–8 inches tall, early flowering bulbous perennial.
  • It grows, flowers and then goes dormant at the same time as many native spring ephemerals, plants that emerge and bloom right after the snow melts.

Stem

  • One or more arching, hairless flower stalks form from the center of a rosette.

Leaves

  • 5-inch-long, grass-like, hairless leaves emerge from one point.

Flowers

  • 1-inch-wide, bell-shaped flowers occur singly or as a group of 2–3 at the top of a slim stem.
  • Six flaring, blue petals with a dark blue center strip and six white stamens with blue tips.
  • Flower color may vary with variety and include white, pink or violet.
close up of 2 blue, white and green Siberian squill flowers on black background
Siberian squill flowers

Seeds

  • Seed capsules are green and bumpy.
  • They turn brown as they mature and split to produce dark reddish-brown seeds.

Roots

  • Bulb

Angela Gupta, Extension educator; Amy Rager, Extension educator; and Megan M. Weber, Extension educator

Reviewed in 2019

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