Extension Logo
Extension Logo
University of Minnesota Extension

Using banded fertilizer for corn production

Profitable corn yields are the result of wisely using several production inputs. Effectively, but not excessively, using fertilizer is just one part of the crop production puzzle.

Fertilizer management involves more than selecting an appropriate rate. Placement choice is a major consideration. This is especially true for immobile nutrients such as phosphorus, potassium and zinc.

Understanding banded fertilizer and other placement methods


Fertilizer rates by placement approach

Producers can use less phosphorus and potassium if they apply it in a band, thanks to the method’s improved efficiency for corn. Using lower rates of phosphorus and potassium in a band reduces the amount of money spent on phosphate and potash fertilizers.


Strategies: Fertilizer placement

There’s no firm rule dictating where to place the banded fertilizer in relation to the corn seed. The fertilizer supplying phosphate or potash can be placed:

  • To the side of the seed.
  • To the side of and below the seed.
  • Below the seed.

Phosphorus and potassium are immobile in soils, so crops will get little benefit from these nutrients if they’re placed or applied above the level of the seed either at the time of planting or after planting.


Reviewed in 2024

Page survey

© 2024 Regents of the University of Minnesota. All rights reserved. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer.