Honeylocust plant bugs
Quick facts about honeylocust plant bugs
Honeylocust plant bug only feeds on honeylocust trees (Gleditsia tricanthos).
- They pierce leaf tissue and feed on sap.
- Tolerate the damage, as it only affects tree appearance.
- Trees grown in exposed, sunny locations are more prone to plant bug attack.
- Varieties of honeylocust with yellow leaves ("Sunburst") are more attractive to honeylocust plant bugs than the ones with green leaves ("Shademaster" and "Skyline").
- Young, recently transplanted trees will have more damage.
Honeylocust plant bug (Diaphnocoris chlorionis) belongs to a group of insects that are found on shade trees in Minnesota.
How to identify honeylocust plant bugs
- Honeylocust plant bug nymphs and adults are oval and range up to 1/8" long as nymphs and ¼" long as adults.
- Both nymphs and adults are pale green and blend in with leaves.
- Adults have fully functional wings whereas nymphs do not.
- Nymphs are very active and will climb onto anything that may come in contact with the foliage.
- Nymphs are sometimes described as looking like large, mobile aphids.
Life cycle of honeylocust plant bugs
- Honeylocust plant bugs have one generation per year.
- Eggs can survive through the winter to hatch in spring, when the honeylocust leaf buds start opening up.
- It takes about one month for plant bugs to mature from egg to adult.
The newly hatched nymphs climb onto the new leaves and feed until June when they mate and lay eggs in clusters under the bark of young twigs. They remain there until the following spring. Adults are rarely seen after late July.
Eggs do not hatch for the rest of the year until the following spring.
Damage caused by honeylocust plant bugs
These bugs feed with a needle-like mouthpart (stylet) on the underside of leaves. They remove the plant fluid and release the saliva into the leaf.
- Damage from saliva creates tiny, circular and discolored patches on the leaf (stippling).
- Damaged leaves remain small and become twisted and dwarfed.
- The damage looks similar to herbicide injury. But, honeylocust plant bug damage is seen on new leaves all across the plant, and herbicide damage occurs only on the side where herbicide was sprayed.
- The bugs also produce small, shiny, dark, varnish-like droppings on the undersides of infested leaves.
In most cases, damaged leaves remain on the tree until the fall season. If the damage is severe, the leaves will fall off, especially in younger trees.
How to protect your trees from honeylocust plant bugs
Check for plant bugs in early spring
Check trees for honeylocust plant bugs, when new buds start to come up. This is especially important, if honeylocust plant bugs have been found on your trees, in the past. If insect numbers are high enough, insecticide applications might be required.
Pesticides should be applied only if it is necessary to protect the appearance of the tree or when the health of the tree is at risk.
- good coverage and timing is critical
- spray the undersides of the leaves where plant bugs are normally found
The best time to apply a pesticide is at bud break. Applying pesticides later might not be as effective.
For applying pesticides on large trees, it is better to contact a professional tree care service provider.
- Insecticidal soap is a low impact pesticide that can be effective against nymphs. But, the spray has to come in direct contact with the nymphs to be effective. Repeat applications of these soaps can be necessary.
- Broad spectrum, stronger pesticides are also available, like:
Be careful while using broad spectrum pesticides. They might kill beneficial insects, along with the honeylocust plant bugs. For example, broad-spectrum pesticides can kill the predators of spider mites and can cause a spider mite outbreak.
- Pesticides like imidacloprid and dinotefuran are also effective.
But, they should be avoided as they are toxic to bees. Honeylocust flowers are very attractive to bees when they are blooming. These pesticides can move into the pollen and nectar of flowers, which exposes bees to the pesticide.
CAUTION: Mention of a pesticide or use of a pesticide label is for educational purposes only. Always follow the pesticide label directions attached to the pesticide container you are using. Remember, the label is the law.
Reviewed in 2018